0
Research Papers

Experimental Study of Surge Precursors in a High-Speed Multistage Compressor

[+] Author and Article Information
Nicolas Courtiade

e-mail: Nicolas.Courtiade@ec-lyon.fr

Xavier Ottavy

e-mail: Xavier.Ottavy@ec-lyon.fr
Laboratoire de Mécanique
des Fluides
et d'Acoustique,
Ecole Centrale de Lyon,
36, Avenue Guy de Collongue,
Ecully 69130, France

Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received July 18, 2012; final manuscript received August 31, 2012; published online September 13, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.

J. Turbomach 135(6), 061018 (Sep 13, 2013) (9 pages) Paper No: TURBO-12-1152; doi: 10.1115/1.4023462 History: Received July 18, 2012; Revised August 31, 2012

Pressure measurements using high frequency response sensors have been carried out on the third rotor of the 3.5-stage high speed compressor CREATE (rotation speed: 11,543 RPM, Rotor 1 tip speed: 313 m/s) over the complete characteristic line and during the surge transient. Precursors to the instabilities occurring near surge are observable at stable operating points. Just before surge, these precursors characterized as rotating disturbances grow in amplitude and provoke the onset a stall cell after a variable duration, which finally triggers surge. This paper presents a detailed analysis of the phenomena of rotating instabilities and surge transient and shows that it is possible to develop an antisurge active control system based on the early detection of the precursors.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Camp, T. R., and Day, I. J., 1998, “1997 Best Paper Award—Turbomachinery Committee: A Study of Spike and Modal Stall Phenomena in a Low-Speed Axial Compressor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120(3), pp. 393–401. [CrossRef]
Inoue, M., Kuroumaru, M., Yoshida, S., Minami, T., Yamada, K., and Furukawa, M., 2004, “Effect of Tip Clearance on Stall Evolution Process in a Low-Speed Axial Compressor Stage,” Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Vienna, Austria, June 14–17, ASME Paper No. GT2004-53354. [CrossRef]
Inoue, M., Kuroumaru, M., Tanino, T., and Furukawa, M., 2000, “Propagation of Multiple Short-Length-Scale Stall Cells in an Axial Compressor Rotor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 122(1), pp. 45–54. [CrossRef]
Inoue, M., Kuroumaru, M., Tanino, T., Yoshida, S., and Furukawa, M., 2001, “Comparative Studies on Short and Long Length-Scale Stall Cell Propagating in an Axial Compressor Rotor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 123(1), pp. 24–30. [CrossRef]
Mailach, R., Lehmann, I., and Vogeler, K., 2001, “Rotating Instabilities in an Axial Compressor Originating From the Fluctuating Blade Tip Vortex,” ASME J. Turbomach., 123(3), pp. 453–460. [CrossRef]
März, J., Hah, C., and Neise, W., 2002, “An Experimental and Numerical Investigation Into the Mechanisms of Rotating Instability,” ASME J. Turbomach., 124(3), pp. 367–374. [CrossRef]
Dhingra, M., Neumeier, Y., Prasad, J. V. R., Breeze-Stringfellow, A., Shin, H.-W., and Szucs, P. N., 2007, “A Stochastic Model for a Compressor Stability Measure,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 129(3), pp. 730–737. [CrossRef]
Young, A. I., Day, I. J., and Pullan, G., 2011, “Stall Warning by Blade Pressure Signature Analysis,” Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Vancouver, Canada, June 6–10, ASME Paper No. GT2011-45850. [CrossRef]
Bergner, J., Kinzel, M., Schiffer, H.-P., and Hah, C., 2006, “Short Length-Scale Rotating Stall Inception in a Transonic Axial Compressor: Experimental Investigation,” Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, ASME Paper No. GT2006-90209. [CrossRef]
Gannon, A. J., Hobson, G. V., Shreeve, R. P., and Villescas, I. J., 2006, “Experimental Investigation During Stall and Surge in a Transonic Fan Stage and Rotor-Only Configuration,” Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, ASME Paper No. GT2006-90925. [CrossRef]
Courtiade, N., Ottavy, X., and Gourdain, N., 2011, “Experimental Investigation of Rotating Stall in a High Speed Muti-Stage Axial Compressor,” Proceedings of the 9th European Turbomachinery Conference, Istanbul, Turkey, March 21–25.
Mersinligil, M., Brouckaert, J. F., Ottavy, X., and Courtiade, N., 2012, “A High Temperature High Bandwidth Fast Response Total Pressure Probe for Measurements in a Multistage Axial Compressor,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbine Power, 134(6), p. 061601. [CrossRef]
Bulot, N., Ottavy, X., and Trebinjac, I., 2010, “Unsteady Pressure Measurements in a High-Speed Centrifugal Compressor,” J. Therm. Sci., 19(1), pp. 34–41. [CrossRef]
Emmons, H. W., Pearson, C. E., and Grant, H. P., 1955, “Compressor Surge and Stall Propagation,” Trans. ASME, 77, pp. 455–469.
Day, I. J., Breuer, T., Escuret, J., Cherrett, M., and Wilson, A., 1999, “Stall Inception and the Prospects for Active Control in Four High-Speed Compressors,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121(1), pp. 18–27. [CrossRef]
Mailach, R., and Vogeler, K., 2007, “Unsteady Aerodynamic Blade Excitation at the Stability Limit and During Rotating Stall in an Axial Compressor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 129(3), pp. 503–511. [CrossRef]
Hellmich, B., and Seume, J. R., 2008, “Causes of Acoustic Resonance in a High-Speed Axial Compressor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 130(3), p. 031003. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Meridian view of the compressor CREATE

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Pressure ratio and isentropic efficiency versus mass flow rate for the design shaft-speed of the compressor CREATE

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Shroud removable bloc with 12 axial positions for the pressure sensors at the tip of the rotor 3 blades

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Wall static pressure measurements a few revolutions before surge—section 27 A (downstream of rotor 2)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Wall static pressure spectra at different operating points—section 280

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Wall static pressure spectrum at operating point e—section 280

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Time evolution of the amplitude of FBPF, F17, and F18, a few seconds before surge inception—section 280

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Wall static pressure measurements over one rotor revolution—section 280

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Evolution along the machine axis of the amplitude of F18 near surge inception

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Global view of the pressure field affected by rotating instabilities over one rotor revolution—rotor 3

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Zoom of the pressure field over one instability—rotor 3

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Global view of the pressure field during surge phase 1 over four rotor revolutions—rotor 3

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Global view of the pressure field during surge phase 3 over three rotor revolutions—rotor 3

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Wall static pressure at mid chord of rotor 3 during surge

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Schematic diagram of the antisurge control system

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Temporal evolution of the ratio for three surges—section 280

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Temporal evolution of the ratio during a successful test of the system—section 280

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In