Especially at transonic flow conditions the leading edge shape influences the performance of a fan profile. At the same time the leading edge of a fan profile is highly affected by erosion during operation. This erosion leads to a deformation of the leading edge shape and a reduction of the chord length. In the present experimental and numerical study, the aerodynamic performance of an original fan profile geometry is compared to an eroded fan profile with a blunt leading edge (BLE) and a chord length reduced by about 1%. The experiments are performed at a linear fan blade cascade in the Transonic Cascade Wind Tunnel of DLR in Cologne. The inflow Mach number during the tests is 1.25 and the Reynolds number 1.5 × 106. All tests are carried out at a low inflow turbulence level of 0.8%. The results of the investigation show that losses are increased over the whole operating range of the cascade. At the aerodynamic design point (ADP) the losses raise by 25%. This significant loss increase can be traced back to the increase of the shock losses at the leading edge. The change in shock structure is investigated and described in detail by means of particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements and Schlieren imaging. Additionally, the unsteady fluctuation of the shock position is measured by a high-speed shadowgraphy. Then the frequency range of the fluctuation is obtained by a Fourier analysis of the time resolved shock position. Furthermore, liquid crystal measurements are performed in order to analyze the influence of the leading edge shape on the development of the suction side boundary layer. The results show that for the original fan blade the transition occurs at the shock position on the blade suction side by a separation bubble whereas the transition onset is shifted upstream for the fan blade with the BLE.