0
Research Papers

Wireless Telemetric Data Acquisition and Real-Time Control for a High Measurement-Density Internal Heat Transfer Experiment

[+] Author and Article Information
Alexander J. Habib

Gas Turbine Laboratory,
The Ohio State University,
2300 West Case Road,
Columbus, OH 43235
e-mail: Habib.21@osu.edu

Jeffery L. Barton

Gas Turbine Laboratory,
The Ohio State University,
2300 West Case Road,
Columbus, OH 43235
e-mail: Barton.93@osu.edu

Randall M. Mathison

Gas Turbine Laboratory,
The Ohio State University,
2300 West Case Road,
Columbus, OH 43235
e-mail: Mathison.4@osu.edu

Michael G. Dunn

Gas Turbine Laboratory,
The Ohio State University,
2300 West Case Road,
Columbus, OH 43235
e-mail: Dunn.193@osu.edu

Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received July 24, 2014; final manuscript received August 8, 2014; published online October 28, 2014. Editor: Ronald Bunker.

J. Turbomach 137(4), 041003 (Oct 28, 2014) (11 pages) Paper No: TURBO-14-1176; doi: 10.1115/1.4028329 History: Received July 24, 2014; Revised August 08, 2014

This paper describes a wireless data transmission system for a large-scale rotating experiment to investigate the heat transfer in a three-passage serpentine test section. Patterned after the NASA HOST program, the current experiment extends the data set to larger aspect ratios including 1:2, 1:4, and 1:6. As with HOST, heat transfer is measured using the heated segments technique, and the serpentine test section spins at rotation numbers representative of engine conditions. Rotating experiments are essential for capturing the representative operating conditions and complicated flow physics that must be understood to advance internal cooling technology for high aspect ratio configurations. There are challenges associated with controlling the operating parameters and collecting accurate data for high measurement-density rotating experiments. This experiment requires that 140 copper panels be held at a constant temperature by independently controlling and recording the power supplied to a separate heater on each panel. This means there must be 140 temperature measurements, 140 pairs of heater power leads, enough power to drive all of these heaters, and data recording capacity left over to measure fluid temperatures and pressures. Traditional methods of transferring rotating signals to the stationary frame of reference (like slip rings) are widely implemented but have practical limitations in the quantity of transferrable signals and the electrical current capacity of the individual channels. Alternatively, wireless transmission techniques were first developed decades ago, but their practical use has been limited by onboard power delivery requirements and cost. This paper describes the development of a new data transmission and control system that takes advantage of improvements in inexpensive electronics to create a battery-powered and microprocessor controlled system for acquisition, storage, control, and wireless communication. These components are assembled as an integral part of the rotating mechanical hardware. By handling high-fidelity microcircuit signal conditioning, data acquisition, feedback control, and data storage in the rotating frame and transmitting the results wirelessly, this system provides high measurement density and active feedback control that would have been impractical with a conventional slip-ring approach. The design and construction of the wireless control system for one full sidewall of the three-serpentine passage is described in detail. Its capability and functionality is demonstrated with operational data. It will be demonstrated that while all of the components in this system are readily available, the unique combination of this technology opens up a new world of measurement capabilities.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Han, J.-C., 2013, “Fundamental Gas Turbine Heat Transfer,” J. Therm. Sci. Eng. Appl., 5(2), p. 021007. [CrossRef]
Hajek, T. J., Wagner, J. H., Johnson, B. V., Higgins, A. W., and Steuber, G. D., 1991, “Effects of Rotation on Coolant Passage Heat Transfer Volume I—Coolant Passages with Smooth Walls,” NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH, Contractor Report No. 4396.
Johnson, B. V., Wagner, J. H., and Steuber, G. D., 1993, “Effects of Rotation on Coolant Passage Heat Transfer Volume II—Coolant Passages With Trips Normal and Skewed to the Flow,” NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH, Contractor Report No. 4396.
Coletti, F., and Arts, T., eds., 2010, Internal Cooling in Turbomachinery, (VKI Lecture Series 2010-05), von Karman Institute, Rhode-St-Genese, Belgium.
Chanteloup, D., Juaneda, Y., and Bolcs, A., 2002, “Combined 3-D Flow and Heat Transfer Measurements in a 2-Pass Internal Coolant Passage of Gas Turbine Airfoils,” ASME J. Turbomach., 124(4), pp. 710–718. [CrossRef]
Han, J., Park, J. S., and Ibrahim, M. Y., 1986, “Measurement of Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in Rectangular Channels With Turbulence Promoters,” NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH, Contractor Report No. 4015.
Metzger, D. E., Berry, R. A., and Bronson, J. P., 1982, “Developing Heat Transfer in Rectangular Ducts With Staggered Arrays of Short Pin Fins,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 104(4), pp. 700–706. [CrossRef]
Han, J. C., Zang, Y. M., and Lee, C. P., 1994, “Influence of Surface Heating Condition on Local Heat Transfer in a Rotating Square Channel With Smooth Walls and Radial Outward Flow,” ASME J. Turbomach., 116(1), pp. 149–158. [CrossRef]
Liu, Y. H., Huh, M., Han, J. C., and Chopra, S., 2007, “Heat Transfer in a Two-Pass Rectangular Channel (AR 1:4) Under High Rotation Numbers,” ASME J. Heat Transfer130(8), p. 081701. [CrossRef]
Zhou, F., and Acharya, S., 2008, “Heat Transfer at High Rotation Numbers in a Two-Pass 4:1 Aspect Ratio Rectangular Channel With 45 Deg Skewed Ribs,” ASME J. Turbomach., 130(2), p. 021019. [CrossRef]
Smith, M. A., Mathison, R. M., and Dunn, M. G., 2014, “Heat Transfer for High Aspect Ratio Rectangular Channels in a Stationary Serpentine Passage With Turbulated and Smooth Surfaces,” ASME J. Turbomach., 136(5), p. 051002. [CrossRef]
Rotadata, 2009, “Digital Telemetry Presentation,” Rotadata Ltd., Derby, UK, available at: http://www.rotadata.com/pdf/Telemetry-2009.pdf
Miers, S. A., Barna, G. L., Anderson, C. L., Blough, J. R., Inal, M. K., and Ciatti, S. A., 2008, “A Wireless Microwave Telemetry Data Transfer Technique for Reciprocating and Rotating Components,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 130(2), p. 025001. [CrossRef]
Zaman, A. J., Bauch, M. M., and Raible, D., 2011, “Embedded Acoustic Sensor Array for Engine Fan Noise Source Diagnostic Test: Feasibility of Noise Telemetry Via Wireless Smart Sensors,” NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, Report No. NASA/TM-2011-217017.
Adler, A. J., 1971, “Wireless Strain and Temperature Measurement With Radio Telemetry,” Exp. Mech., 11(5), pp. 378–384. [CrossRef]
DeAnna, R. G., 2000, “Wireless Telemetry for Gas-Turbine Applications,” NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, Report No. NASA/TM-2000-209815.
Thompson, H. A., 2009, “Wireless Sensor Research at the Rolls-Royce Control and Systems University Technology Centre,” 1st International Conference on Wireless Communication, Vehicular Technology, Information Theory and Aerospace and Electronic Systems Technology (Wireless VITAE 2009), Aalborg, Denmark, May 17–20, pp. 571–576. [CrossRef]
Mitchell, D., Kulkarni, A., Roesch, E., Subramanian, R., Burns, A., Brogan, J., Greenlaw, R., Lostetter, A., Schupbach, M., Fraley, J., and Waits, R., 2008, “Development and F-Class Industrial Gas Turbine Engine Testing of Smart Components With Direct Write Embedded Sensors and High Temperature Wireless Telemetry,” ASME Paper No. GT2008-51533. [CrossRef]
Mitchell, D., Kulkarni, A., Lostetter, A., Schupbach, M., Fraley, J., and Waits, R., 2009, “Development and Testing of Harsh Environment, Wireless Sensor Systems for Industrial Gas Turbines,” ASME Paper No. GT2009-60316. [CrossRef]
Long, S. A., Edney, S. L., Reiger, P. A., Elliott, M. W., Knabe, F., and Bernhard, D., 2012, “Telemetry System Integrated in a Small Gas Turbine Engine,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 134(4), p. 044501. [CrossRef]
Keyes, B., Brogan, J., Gouldstone, C., Greenlaw, R., Yang, J., Fraley, J., Western, B., and Schupbach, M., 2009, “High Temperature Telemetry Systems for In Situ Monitoring of Gas Turbine Engine Components,” IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, Ma. 7–14. [CrossRef]
Hunter, G., Beheim, G., Ponchak, G. E., Scardelletti, M. C., Meredith, R. D., Dynys, F. W., Neudeck, P. G., Jordan, J. L., and Chen, L. Y., 2010, “Development of High Temperature Wireless Sensor Technology Based on Silicon Carbide Electronics,” ECS Trans., 33(8), pp. 269–281. [CrossRef]
Yang, J., 2013, “A Silicon Carbide Wireless Temperature Sensing System for High Temperature Applications,” Sensors, 13(2), pp. 1884–1901. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Bellis, S. J., Delaney, K., O'Flynn, B., Barton, J., Razeeb, K. M., and O'Mathuna, C., 2005, “Development of Field Programmable Modular Wireless Sensor Network Nodes for Ambient Systems,” Comput. Commun., 28(13), pp. 1531–1544. [CrossRef]
Jafer, E., and Ibala, C. S., 2013, “Design and Development of Multi-Node Based Wireless System for Efficient Measuring of Resistive and Capacitive Sensors,” Sens. Actuators, A, 189, pp. 276–287. [CrossRef]
Intel 2006, “Intel Mote 2 Engineering Platform Datasheet,” Intel Corp., Santa Clara, CA.
SOWNet, 2013, “G-Node G301 Wireless Sensor Node,” SOWNet Technologies B.V., Delft, The Netherlands, available at: http://www.sownet.nl/download/G301Web.pd
RF Monolithics, 2009, “RFM LPR2430 2.4 GHz Spread Spectrum Transceiver Module,” RF Monolithics Inc., Dallas, TX.
Atmel, 2010, “ATmega32u4 8-Bit AVR Microcontroller,” Atmel Corp., San Jose, CA.
Maxim, 2012, “MAX1307 8-Channel, ±Vref Multirange Inputs, Serial 16-Bit ADC Datasheet,” Maxim Integrated Products Inc., San Jose, CA.
Microchip Technology, 2007, “MCP4921 12-Bit DAC With SPI Interface,” Microchip Technology Inc., Chandler, AZ.
Microchip Technology, 2012, “RN-131C 802.11 b/g Wireless LAN Module,” Microchip Technology Inc., Chandler, AZ.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Experiment and ACWITEL system operation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Experimental assembly depicted by (a) photograph of ACWITEL system for top and one sidewall and (b) diagram of full serpentine passage layout

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Acquisition system test setup

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Conditioner operation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Modified conditioner response

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Acquisition system accuracy

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Experimental test setups with panel 1A for (a) external temperature measurement and (b) cooled flow testing

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

System operation with coolant flow (a) temperature response and (b) controlled power output

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Control system effectiveness as illustrated by temperature response

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Wireless connection

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

LiFePO4 batteries—as delivered (foreground) and encased (background)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Battery cells installed in housing

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In