0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Improved Prediction of Turbomachinery Flows Using Near-Wall Reynolds-Stress Model

[+] Author and Article Information
G. A. Gerolymos, J. Neubauer, V. C. Sharma, I. Vallet

Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, 91405 Orsay, Paris, France

J. Turbomach 124(1), 86-99 (Feb 01, 2001) (14 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1426083 History: Received February 01, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Adamczyk, J. J., 1985, “Model Equation for Simulating Flows in Multistage Turbomachinery,” ASME Paper No. 85-GT-226.
Dawes,  W. N., 1992, “Toward Improved Throughflow Capability: The Use of 3-D Viscous Flow Solvers in a Multistage Environment,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, pp. 8–17.
Denton,  J. D., 1992, “The Calculation of 3-D Viscous Flow through Multistage Turbomachines,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, pp. 18–26.
Erdos,  J. I., Alzner,  E., and McNally,  W., 1977, “Numerical Solution of Periodic Transonic Flow through a Fan Stage,” AIAA J., 15, pp. 1559–1568.
Giles,  M. B., 1990, “Stator/Rotor Interaction in a Transonic Turbine,” J. Propul. Power, 6, pp. 621–627.
He,  L., 1992, “Method of Simulating Unsteady Turbomachinery Flows with Multiple Perturbations,” AIAA J., 30, pp. 2730–2735.
Rieß,  W., and Evers,  B., 1985, “Die Strömung in mehrstufigen Turbinen mit langen Schaufeln bei Schwachlast- und Leerlaufbetrieb,” VGB Kraftwerkstechnik, 65, pp. 1020–1026.
Leylek,  J. H., and Wisler,  D. C., 1991, “Mixing in Axial-Flow Compressors: Conclusions Drawn from 3-D Navier-Stokes Analyses and Experiments,” ASME J. Turbomach., 113, pp. 139–160.
Suder,  K. L., Chima,  R. V., Strazisar,  A. J., and Roberts,  W. B., 1995, “The Effect of Adding Roughness and Thickness to a Transonic Axial Compressor Rotor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 117, pp. 491–505.
Denton,  J. D., 1993, “Loss Mechanisms in Turbomachines,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 621–656.
Adamczyk,  J. J., 2000, “Aerodynamic Analysis of Multistage Turbomachinery Flows in Support of Aerodynamic Design,” ASME J. Turbomach., 122, pp. 189–217.
Silkowski,  P. D., and Hall,  K. C., 1998, “A Coupled Mode Analysis of Unsteady Multistage Flows in Turbomachinery,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 410–421.
Shabbir, A., Celestina, M. L., Adamczyk, J. J., and Strazisar, A. J., 1997, “The Effect of Hub Leakage on 2 High Speed Axial Flow Compressor Rotors,” ASME Paper No. 97-GT-346.
Wellborn,  S. R., and Okiishi,  T. H., 1999, “The Influence of Shrouded Cavity Flows on Multistage Compressor Performance,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121, pp. 486–498.
Wellborn,  S. R., Tolchinsky,  I., and Okiishi,  T. H., 2000, “Modeling Shrouded Stator Cavity Flows in Axial-Flow Compressors,” ASME J. Turbomach., 122, pp. 55–61.
Lakshminarayana,  B., 1986, “Turbulence Modeling for Complex Shear Flows,” AIAA J., 24, pp. 1900–1917.
Mayle,  R. E., 1991, “The Role of Laminar-Turbulent Transition in Gas Turbine Engines,” ASME J. Turbomach., 113, pp. 509–537.
Bradshaw,  P., 1996, “Turbulence Modeling with Application to Turbomachinery,” Prog. Aerosp. Sci., 32, pp. 575–624.
Hah,  C., 1986, “A Numerical Modeling of Endwall and Tip-Clearance Flow of an Isolated Compressor Rotor,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 108, pp. 15–21.
Hah,  C., 1987, “Calculation of 3-D Viscous Flows in Turbomachinery with an Implicit Relaxation Method,” J. Propul. Power, 3, pp. 415–422.
Dawes,  W. N., 1987, “A Numerical Analysis of the 3-D Viscous Flow in a Transonic Compressor Rotor and Comparison with Experiment,” ASME J. Turbomach., 109, pp. 83–90.
Goyal,  R. K., and Dawes,  W. N., 1993, “A Comparison of the Measured and Predicted Flow Field in a Modern Fan-Bypass Configuration,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 273–282.
Baldwin, B., and Lomax, H., 1978, “Thin-Layer Approximation and Separated Algebraic Model for Separated Turbulent Flows,” AIAA Paper No. 78–257.
Hah,  C., Bryans,  A. C., Moussa,  Z., and Tomsho,  M. E., 1988, “Application of Viscous Flow Computations for the Aerodynamic Performance of a Backswept Impeller at Various Operating Conditions,” ASME J. Turbomach., 110, pp. 303–311.
Copenhaver,  W. W., Hah,  C., and Puterbaugh,  S. L., 1993, “3-D Flow Phenomena in a Transonic, High-Throughflow, Axial-Flow Compressor Stage,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 240–248.
Hah,  C., and Loellbach,  J., 1999, “Development of Hub Corner Stall and Its Influence on the Performance of Axial Compressor Blade Rows,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121, pp. 67–77.
Chien,  K. Y., 1982, “Predictions of Channel and Boundary-Layer Flows with a Low-Reynolds Number Turbulence Model,” AIAA J., 20, No. 1, pp. 33–38.
Adamczyk,  J. J., Celestina,  M. L., Beach,  T. A., and Barnett,  M., 1990, “Simulation of 3-D Viscous Flow within a Multistage Turbine,” ASME J. Turbomach., 112, pp. 370–376.
Mulac,  R. A., and Adamczyk,  J. J., 1992, “The Numerical Simulation of a High-Speed Axial Flow Compressor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, pp. 517–527.
Adamczyk,  J. J., Celestina,  M. L., and Greitzer,  E. M., 1993, “The Role of Tip Clearance in High-Speed Fan Stall,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 28–39.
Chima,  R. V., and Yokota,  J. W., 1990, “Numerical Analysis of 3-D Viscous Internal Flows,” AIAA J., 28, pp. 798–806.
Chima,  R. V., 1998, “Calculation of Tip Clearance Effects in a Transonic Compressor Rotor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 131–140.
Kunz,  R. F., and Lakshminarayana,  B., 1992, “3-D Navier-Stokes Computation of Turbomachinery Flows using an Explicit Numerical Procedure and a Coupled k−ε Turbulence Model,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, pp. 627–642.
Kunz,  R. F., Lakshminarayana,  B., and Basson,  A. H., 1993, “Investigation of Tip-Clearance Phenomena in an Axial Compressor Cascade using Euler and Navier-Stokes Procedures,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 453–467.
Koiro,  M., and Lakshminarayana,  B., 1998, “Simulation and Validation of Mach-Number Effects on Secondary Flow in a Transonic Turbine Cascade using a Multigrid k−ε Solver,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 285–297.
Dawes,  W. N., 1992, “The Simulation of 3-D Viscous Flow in Turbomachinery Geometries using a Solution-Adaptive Unstructured Mesh Methodology,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, pp. 528–537.
Dawes,  W. N., 1993, “The Extension of a Solutions-Adaptive 3-D Navier-Stokes Solver toward Geometries of Arbitrary Complexity,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 283–295.
Lam,  C. K. G., and Bremhorst,  K. A., 1981, “Modified Form of the k−ε Model for Predicting Wall Turbulence,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 103, pp. 456–460.
Rizzi,  A., Eliasson,  P., Lindblad,  I., Hirsch,  C., Lacor,  C., and Haeuser,  J., 1993, “The Engineering of Multiblock/Multigrid Software for Navier-Stokes Flows on Structured Meshes,” Comput. Fluids, 22, pp. 341–367.
Kang,  S., and Hirsch,  C., 1996, “Numerical Simulation of 3-D Viscous Flow in a Linear Compressor Cascade with Tip-Clearance,” ASME J. Turbomach., 118, pp. 492–505.
Arnone,  A., Liou,  M. S., and Povinelli,  L. A., 1993, “Multigrid Calculation of 3-D Viscous Cascade Flows,” J. Propul. Power, 9, pp. 605–614.
Ameri,  A. A., and Arnone,  A., 1996, “Transition Modeling Effects on Turbine Rotor Blade Heat Transfer Predictions,” ASME J. Turbomach., 118, pp. 307–313.
Arnone,  A., 1994, “Viscous Analysis of 3-D Rotor Flow using a Multigrid Method,” ASME J. Turbomach., 116, pp. 435–445.
Turner,  M. G., and Jennions,  I. K., 1993, “An Investigation of Turbulence Modeling in Transonic Fans Including a Novel Implementation of an Implicit k−ε Turbulence Model,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 249–260.
Jennions,  I. K., and Turner,  M. G., 1993, “3-D Navier-Stokes Computations of Transonic Fan Flow using an Explicit Flow Solver and an Implicit k−ε Turbulence Model,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 261–272.
Launder,  B. E., and Spalding,  D. B., 1974, “The Numerical Computation of Turbulent Flows,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 3, pp. 269–289.
Langowsky,  C., and Vogel,  D. T., 1997, “Influence of Film-Cooling on the Secondary Flow in a Turbine Nozzle,” AIAA J., 35, pp. 111–118.
Hildebrandt,  T., and Fottner,  L., 1999, “A Numerical Study of the Influence of Grid Refinement and Turbulence Modeling on the Flow Field Inside a Highly Loaded Turbine Cascade,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121, pp. 709–716.
Wilcox,  D. C., 1994, “Simulation of Transition with a 2-Equation Turbulence Model,” AIAA J., 32, pp. 247–255.
Ameri,  A. A., Steinthorsson,  E., and Rigby,  D. L., 1998, “Effect of Squealer Tip on Rotor Heat Transfer and Efficiency,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 753–759.
Ameri,  A. A., Steinthorsson,  E., and Rigby,  D. L., 1999, “Effects of Tip-Clearance and Casing Recess on Heat Transfer and Stage Efficiency in Axial Turbines,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121, pp. 683–693.
Furukawa,  M., Inoue,  M., Saiki,  K., and Yamada,  K., 1999, “The Role of Tip Leakage Vortex Breakdown in Compressor Rotor Aerodynamics,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121, pp. 469–480.
Rhie,  C. M., Gleixner,  A. J., Spear,  D. A., Fischberg,  C. J., and Zacharias,  R. M., 1998, “Development and Application of a Multistage Navier-Stokes Solver: Part I—Multistage Modeling using Bodyforces and Deterministic Stresses,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 205–214.
LeJambre,  C. R., Zacharias,  R. M., Biederman,  B. P., Gleixner,  A. J., and Yetka,  C. J., 1998, “Development and Application of a Multistage Navier-Stokes Solver: Part II—Application to a High-Pressure Compressor Design,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 215–223.
Gerolymos,  G. A., Tsanga,  G., and Vallet,  I., 1998, “Near-Wall k−ε Computation of Transonic Turbomachinery Flows with Tip-Clearance,” AIAA J., 36, pp. 1769–1777.
Gerolymos,  G. A., and Vallet,  I., 1999, “Tip-Clearance and Secondary Flows in a Transonic Compressor Rotor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121, pp. 751–762.
Gerolymos,  G. A., and Hanisch,  C., 1999, “Multistage 3-D Navier-Stokes Computation of Off-Design Operation of a 4-Stage Turbine,” IMechE J. Power Energy, 213, pp. 243–261.
Launder,  B. E., and Sharma,  B. I., 1974, “Application of the Energy Dissipation Model of Turbulence to the Calculation of Flows near a Spinning Disk,” Lett. Heat Mass Transfer, 1, pp. 131–138.
Arima,  T., Sonoda,  T., Shirotori,  M., Tamura,  A., and Kikuchi,  K., 1999, “A Numerical Investigation of Transonic Axial Compressor Rotor Flow using a Low-Reynolds-Number k−ε Turbulence Model,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121, pp. 44–58.
Hoeger,  M., Fritsch,  G., and Bauer,  D., 1999, “Numerical Simulation of the Shock/Tip-Leakage-Vortex Interaction in a HPC Front Stage,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121, pp. 456–468.
Fritsch,  G., Hoeger,  M., Blaha,  C., and Bauer,  D., 2000, “Viscous 3-D Simulation of Transonic Compressor Stage on Parallel Hardware,” J. Propul. Power, 16, pp. 388–396.
Sleiman,  M., Tam,  A., Robichaud,  M. P., Peeters,  M. F., and Habashi,  W. G., 1999, “Multistage Simulation by an Adaptive Finite Element Approach using Structured Grids,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 121, pp. 450–459.
Sayma,  A. I., Vahdati,  M., Sbardella,  L., and Imregun,  M., 2000, “Modeling of 3-D Viscous Compressible Turbomachinery Flows using Unstructured Hybrid Grids,” AIAA J., 38, pp. 945–954.
Baldwin, B. S., and Barth T. J., 1991, “1-Equation Turbulence Transport Model for High-Reynolds-Number Wall-Bounded Flows,” AIAA Paper No. 91–0610.
Launder,  B. E., 1989, “2-Moment Closure: Present and Future?,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 10, pp. 282–300.
Hanjalić,  K., 1994, “Advanced Turbulence Closure Models: A View of Current Status and Future Prospects,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 15, pp. 178–203.
Leschziner,  M. A., 1995, “Computation of Aerodynamic Flows with Turbulence-Transport Models Based on 2-Moment Closure,” Comput. Fluids, 24, pp. 377–392.
Gerolymos, G. A., and Vallet, I., “Wall-Normal-Free Near-Wall Reynolds-Stress Closure for 3-D Compressible Separated Flows,” AIAA J., 39 , 1833–1842.
Gerolymos, G. A., and Vallet, I., , “Wall-Normal-Free Reynolds-Stress Model for Rotating Flows Applied to Turbomachinery,” AIAA J., to be published.
Noussis, I., 2000, “Validation d’une Fermeture RSM des sur des Profils d’Aile,” DEA, Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris.
Filaire, F., 2000, “Evaluation des Possibilités Prédictives es Modélisations de l’Interaction Choc/Couche-Limite,” DEA, Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris.
Doukelis, A., Mathioudakis, K., Papailiou, K., 1998, “The Effect of Tip Clearance Gap Size and Wall Rotation on the Performance of a High-Speed Annular Compressor Cascade,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-38.
Doukelis, A., Mathioudakis, K., Papailiou, K., 1998, “Investigation of the 3-D Flow Structure in a High-Speed Annular Compressor Cascade for Tip Clearance Effects,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-39.
Doukelis, A., Mathioudakis, K., Papailiou, K., 2000, “Detailed Flow and Overall Performance Measurements for Different Clearance Configurations in the NTUA Annular Cascade Facility,” Chapter 3, Final Report, APPACET Project, EEC Contract BRPR-CT97-0610.
Strazisar, A. J., 1994, “Data Report and Data Diskette for NASA Transonic Compressor Rotor 37,” NASA Lewis Research Center.
Davis, R. L., Delaney, R. A., Denton, J. D., Giles, M. B., Strazisar, A. J., and Wisler, D. C., 1993, “CFD Code Assessment in Turbomachinery—Author’s Information Package,” ASME Turbomachinery Committee.
Denton, J. D., 1996, “Lessons Learned from Rotor 37,” Int. Symp. on Experimental and Computational Aerothermodynamics of Internal Flows (ISAIF), Beijing, China, Sept.
Suder,  K. L., 1998, “Blockage Development in a Transonic Axial Compressor Rotor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 465–476.
Walraevens, R. E., and Gallus, H. E., 1996, “Stator-Rotor-Stator Interaction in an Axial Flow Turbine and its Influence on Loss Mechanisms,” AGARD Conf. Proc., Vol. 571, pp. 39.1–39.14.
Walraevens, R. E., Gallus, H. E., Jung, A. R., Mayer, J. F., and Stetter, H., 1998, “Experimental and Computational Study of the Unsteady Flow in a 1 1/2 Stage Axial Turbine with Emphasis on the Secondary Flow in the Second Stator,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-254.
Aris, R., 1962, Vectors, Tensors, and the Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics, Dover, New York.
Hanjalić,  K., and Launder,  B. E., 1972, “A Reynolds Stress Model of Turbulence and its Application to Thin Shear Flows,” J. Fluid Mech., 52, pp. 609–638.
Launder,  B. E., and Shima,  N., 1989, “2-Moment Closure for the Near-Wall Sublayer: Development and Application,” AIAA J., 27, pp. 1319–1325.
Launder,  B. E., Tselepidakis,  D. P., and Younis,  B. A., 1987, “A Second-Moment Closure Study of Rotating Channel Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 183, pp. 63–75.
Shima,  N., 1993, “Prediction of Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flows with a 2-Moment Closure: Part I—Effects of Periodic Pressure Gradient, Wall Transpiration, and Free-Stream Turbulence,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 115, pp. 56–63.
Shima,  N., 1993, “Prediction of Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flows with a 2-Moment Closure: Part II—Effects of Streamline Curvature and Spanwise Rotation,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 115, pp. 64–69.
Gibson,  M. M., and Launder,  B. E., 1978, “Ground Effects on Pressure Fluctuations in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer,” J. Fluid Mech., 86, pp. 491–511.
Lumley,  J. L., 1978, “Computational Modeling of Turbulent Flows,” Adv. Appl. Mech., 18, pp. 123–176.
Launder,  B. E., and Li,  S. P., 1994, “Elimination of Wall-Topography Parameters from 2-Moment Closure,” Phys. Fluids, 6, pp. 999–1006.
Gerolymos,  G. A., and Vallet,  I., 1996, “Implicit Computation of the 3-D Compressible Navier-Stokes Equations using k−ε Turbulence Closure,” AIAA J., 34, pp. 1321–1330.
Gerolymos,  G. A., and Vallet,  I., 1997, “Near-Wall Reynolds-Stress 3-D Transonic Flows Computation,” AIAA J., 35, pp. 228–236.
Gerolymos,  G. A., and Tsanga,  G., 1999, “Biharmonic 3-D Grid Generation for Axial Turbomachinery with Tip-Clearance,” J. Propul. Power, 15, pp. 476–479.
Jones,  W. P., and Launder,  B. E., 1972, “The Prediction of Laminarization with a 2-Equation Model of Turbulence,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 15, pp. 301–314.
Van Driest,  E. R., 1951, “Turbulent Boundary-Layer in Compressible Fluids,” J. Aerosp. Sci., 18, pp. 145–160, 216.
Spalding,  D. B., 1961, “A Single Formula for the Law-of-the-Wall,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 28, pp. 455–458.
Coles,  D., 1956, “The Law of the Wake in the Turbulent Boundary Layer,” J. Fluid Mech., 1, pp. 191–226.
Clauser,  F. H., 1956, “The Turbulent Boundary-Layer,” Adv. Appl. Mech., 4, pp. 1–51.
Harris,  V. G., Graham,  J. A. M., and Corrsin,  S., 1977, “Further experiments in nearly homogeneous turbulent shear flows,” J. Fluid Mech., 81, pp. 657–687.
Gerolymos,  G. A., 1990, “Implicit Multiple-Grid Solution of the Compressible Navier-Stokes Equations using k−ε Turbulence Closure,” AIAA J., 28, pp. 1707–1717.
Vallet, I., 1995, “Aérodynamique Numérique 3-D Instationnaire avec Fermeture Bas-Reynolds au Second Ordre,” Doctorat, Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris.
Tsanga, G., 1997, “Aérodynamique Numérique 3-D des Turbomachines Axiales Multiétages avec Fermeture k−ε Bas-Reynolds,” Doctorat, Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris.
Shabbir, A., Zhu, J., and Celestina, M., 1996, “Assessment of 3 Turbulence Models in a Compressor Rotor,” ASME Paper No. 96-GT-198.
Gregory-Smith, D. G., 2000, “Synthesis of Calculations Performed on the NASA Rotor 37,” Ch. 5, Final Report, APPACET Project, EEC Contract BRPR-CT97-0610.
Lichtfuss,  H. J., and Starken,  H., 1974, “Supersonic Cascade Flow,” Prog. Aerosp. Sci., 15, pp. 37–149.
Emunds,  R., Jennions,  I. K., Bohn,  D., and Gier,  J., 1999, “The Computation of Adjacent Blade-Row Effects in a 1 1/2-Stage Axial Flow Turbine,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121, pp. 1–10.
Volmar,  T. W., Brouillet,  B., Gallus,  H. E., and Benetschik,  H., 2000, “Time-Accurate 3-D Navier-Stokes Analysis of 1 1/2-Stage Axial-Flow Turbine,” J. Propul. Power, 16, pp. 327–335.
Gallus,  H. E., Zeschky,  J., and Hah,  C., 1995, “Endwall and Unsteady Flow Phenomena in an Axial Turbine Stage,” ASME J. Turbomach., 117, pp. 562–570.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of measured and computed (using the present RSM and the Launder-Sharma k−ε58) pitchwise-averaged flow-angle αM, total-pressure ptM, and turbulence-kinetic-energy kM for the NTUA_1 annular cascade (ṁ=13.2 kg s−1;Tu=4 percent; grid_D)
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of Mach-number M̆ and turbulence-kinetic-energy k computed (using the present RSM and the Launder-Sharma k−ε58), at 25 percent span (ṁ=13.2 kg s−1;Tu=4 percent; grid_D)
Grahic Jump Location
Study of grid-convergence of computed (using the present RSM and the Launder-Sharma k−ε58) pitchwise-averaged flow-angle αM, and total-pressure ptM, at the exit of the NTUA_1 annular cascade (ṁ=13.2 kg s−1;Tu=4 percent)
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of measured and computed (using the present RSM and the Launder-Sharma k−ε58) radial distributions of pitchwise-averaged flow-angle αxθM, and total-pressure ptM, for various operating points at design-speed, for NASA_37 rotor (ṁ=20.85, 20.79, 20.65, 20.51, 20.12, 19.78, 19.36 kg s−1 ; Tu=3 percent;δTC=0.356 mm; grid_D)
Grahic Jump Location
Computed (using the present RSM and the Launder-Sharma k−ε58) isentropic-Mach-number distributions at 70 percent span for various operating points at design-speed, for NASA_37 rotor (ṁ=20.85, 20.79, 20.65, 20.51, 20.12, 19.78, 19.36 kg s−1 ; Tu=3 percent,δTC=0.356 mm; grid_D)
Grahic Jump Location
Measured and computed (using the present RSM and the Launder-Sharma k−ε58) radial distributions of pitchwise-averaged total pressure ptM and flow angle αM for RWTH_1 turbine 1 1/2 stage (ṁ=8.23 kg s−1;Tu=3 percent;δTC=0.4 mm; grid_D)
Grahic Jump Location
Computed entropy and turbulent kinetic energy plots at various axial planes in the rotor of the RWTH_1 turbine 1 1/2 stage (ṁ=8.23 kg s−1;Tu=3 percent;δTC=0.4 mm; RSM grid_D)
Grahic Jump Location
Grid-influence on pitchwise-averaged absolute-flow angle αM at rotor-exit of RWTH_1 1 1/2 stage turbine (ṁ=8.23 kg s−1;Tu=3 percent;δTC=0.4 mm; grid_D)

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In