Researchers in gas turbine field take great interest in the cooling performance on the first-stage vane because of the complex flow characteristics and intensive heat load that comes from the exit of the combustion chamber. A better understanding is needed on how the coolant flow interacts with the mainstream and the resulting cooling effect in the real engine especially for the first-stage vane. An authentic flow channel and condition should be achieved. In this study, three full-scale turbine vanes are used to construct an annular-sector cascade. The film-cooling design is attained through numerous layback fan-shaped and cylindrical holes dispersed on the vane and both endwalls. With the three-dimensional vane geometry and corresponding wind tunnel design, the true flow field can thus be simulated as in the engine. This study targets the film-cooling effectiveness on the inner endwall (hub) of turbine vane. Tests are performed under the mainstream Reynolds number 350,000; the related inlet Mach number is 0.09; and the freestream turbulence intensity is 8%. Two variables, coolant-to-mainstream mass flow ratios (MFR = 2%, 3%, and 4%) and density ratios (DR = 1.0 and 1.5), are examined. Pressure-sensitive paint (PSP) technique is utilized to capture the detail contour of film-cooling effectiveness on the inner endwall and demonstrate the coolant trace. The presented results serve as a comparison basis for other sets of vanes with different cooling designs. The results are expected to strengthen the promise of PSP technique on evaluating the film-cooling performance of the engine geometries.