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research-article

Effects of Coolant Density, Specific Heat Capacity and Biot Number on Turbine Vane Cooling Effectiveness

[+] Author and Article Information
Salvador Luque

University of Oxford Dept. of Engineering Science Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PJ, UK
salvador.luque@imdea.org

Terry V Jones

University of Oxford Dept. of Engineering Science Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PJ, UK
terrylesley.jones@gmail.com

Thomas Povey

University of Oxford Dept. of Engineering Science Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PJ, UK
thomas.povey@eng.ox.ac.uk

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037029 History: Received January 20, 2017; Revised May 10, 2017

Abstract

This paper describes the effects of coolant-to-mainstream density ratio and specific heat capacity flux ratio (the product of blowing ratio and specific heat capacity ratio) on the overall cooling effectiveness of high pressure turbine vanes. Experimental measurements have been conducted at correct engine-matched conditions of Mach number, Reynolds number, turbulence intensity, and coolant-to-mainstream momentum flux ratio. Vanes tested were fully-cooled production parts from an engine currently in service. A foreign gas mixture of SF6 and Ar was selected for injection as coolant in the facility so that density and blowing ratios were matched to the engine situation (the isentropic exponent of the foreign gas mixture coincided with that of air). Full coverage surface maps of overall cooling effectiveness were acquired by an infrared thermography technique at a range of mainstream-to-coolant temperature ratios. Measurements were subsequently scaled to engine conditions by employing a new theory based on the principle of superposition and a recovery and redistribution temperature demonstrated in previous papers. It is shown that the two aerodynamically matched situations of air- and foreign-gas-cooled experiments give virtually the same effectiveness trends and patterns. Actual levels differ, however, on account of specific heat capacity flux ratio differences. The effect is described and quantified by a one-dimensional analytical model of the vane wall. Differences in Biot number with respect to engine conditions are discussed as they also influence the scaling of turbine metal temperatures.

Rolls-Royce plc
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