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research-article

The Effect of External Casing Impingement Cooling Manifold Standoff Distance on Casing Contraction for Thermal Control of Blade Tip Clearance

[+] Author and Article Information
Myeonggeun Choi

Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PJ, UK
myeonggeun.choi@eng.ox.ac.uk

David R.H. Gillespie

Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PJ, UK
david.gillespie@eng.ox.ac.uk

Leo Lewis

Rolls-Royce plc, P.O. Box 31, Derby DE24 8BJ, UK
leo.lewis@rolls-royce.com

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4038280 History: Received August 16, 2017; Revised October 06, 2017

Abstract

Thermal closure of the engine casing is widely used to minimize undesirable blade tip leakage flows thus improving jet engine performance. This may be achieved using an impingement cooling scheme on the external casing wall, provided by manifolds attached to the outside of the engine. The assembly tolerance of these components leads to variation in the standoff distance between the manifold and the casing and its effects on casing contraction must be understood to allow build tolerance to be specified. For cooling arrangements with promising performance, the variation in closure with standoff distance of z/d = 1 - 6 were investigated through a mixture of extensive numerical modelling and experimental validation. A cooling manifold, typical of that adopted by several engine companies, incorporating three different arrays of short cooling holes (chosen from previous study by Choi et al. (2016)) and thermal control dummy flanges were considered. Typical contractions of 0.5 - 2.2mm are achieved from the 0.02 - 0.35kg/s of the current casing cooling flows. The variation in heat transfer coefficient observed with standoff distance is much lower for the sparse array investigated compared to a previous designs employing arrays typical of blade cooling configurations. The reason for this is explained through interrogation of the local flow field and resultant heat transfer coefficient. This implies acceptable control of the circumferential uniformity of case cooling can be achieved with relatively large assembly tolerance of the manifold relative to the casing.

Rolls-Royce plc
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