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research-article

Hybrid RANS/LES Simulation of Corner Stall in a Linear Compressor Cascade

[+] Author and Article Information
Guoping Xia

United Technologies Research Center, United Technologies Corporation, 411 Silver Lane, East Hartford, CT 06108, USA
xiag@utrc.utc.com

Gorazd Medic

United Technologies Research Center, United Technologies Corporation, 411 Silver Lane, East Hartford, CT 06108, USA
MedicG@utrc.utc.com

Thomas Praisner

Pratt and Whitney, United Technologies Corporation, 400 Main Street, East Hartford, CT 06108, USA
thomas.praisner@pw.utc.com

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4040113 History: Received September 26, 2017; Revised October 23, 2017

Abstract

Current design-cycle Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes-based CFD methods have the tendency to over-predict corner-stall events for axial-flow compressors operating at off-design conditions. This shortcoming has been demonstrated even in simple single-row cascade configurations. Here we report on the application of hybrid RANS/LES predictions for simulating the corner-stall data from the linear compressor cascade work conducted at Ecole Centrale de Lyon. This benchmark data set provides detailed loss information while also revealing a bimodal behavior of the separation which, not surprisingly, is also not well modeled by RANS. The hybrid RANS/LES (or DES) results presented here predict bimodal behavior similar to the data only when special treatment is adopted to resolve the leading-edge endwall region where the horseshoe vortex forms. The horseshoe vortex is shown to be unstable, which produces the bimodal instability. The DES simulation without special treatment or refinement in the horseshoe vortex region fails to predict the bimodal instability, and thus the bimodal behavior of the separation. This in turn causes a gross over-prediction in the scale of the corner-stall. The horseshoe vortex region is found to be unstable with rolling of the tertiary vortex over the secondary vortex and merging with the primary horseshoe vortex. With these flow dynamics realized in the DES simulations, the corner stall characteristics are found to be in better agreement with the experimental data, as compared to RANS and standard DES approaches

United Technologies Corporation
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