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research-article

Film Cooling Measurements for a Laidback Fan-Shaped Hole - Effect of Coolant Crossflow on Cooling Effectiveness and Heat Transfer

[+] Author and Article Information
Marc Fraas

Institute of Thermal Turbomachinery (ITS), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
marc.fraas2@kit.edu

Tobias Glasenapp

Institute of Thermal Turbomachinery (ITS), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
tobias.glasenapp@kit.edu

Achmed Schulz

Institute of Thermal Turbomachinery (ITS), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
achmed.schulz@kit.edu

Hans-Jörg Bauer

Institute of Thermal Turbomachinery (ITS), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
hans-joerg.bauer@kit.edu

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041655 History: Received September 18, 2018; Revised October 02, 2018

Abstract

Internal coolant passages of gas turbine vanes and blades have various orientations relative to the external hot gas flow. As a consequence, the inflow of film cooling holes varies as well. To further identify the influencing parameters of film cooling under varying inflow conditions, the present paper provides detailed experimental data. The generic study is performed in a novel test rig which enables compliance with all relevant similarity parameters including density ratio. Film cooling effectiveness as well as heat transfer of a 10-10-10deg laidback fan-shaped cooling hole are discussed. Data are processed and presented over 50 hole diameters downstream of the cooling hole exit. First, the parallel coolant flow setup is discussed. Subsequently, it is compared to a perpendicular coolant flow setup at a moderate coolant channel Reynolds number. For the perpendicular coolant flow, asymmetric flow separation in the diffuser occurs and leads to a reduction of film cooling effectiveness. For a higher coolant channel Reynolds number and perpendicular coolant flow, asymmetry increases and cooling effectiveness is further decreased. An increase in blowing ratio does not lead to a significant increase in cooling effectiveness. For all cases investigated, heat transfer augmentation due to film cooling is observed. Heat transfer is highest in the near hole region and decreases further downstream. Results prove that coolant flow orientation has a severe impact on both parameters.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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