According to the 2020 report of the American Heart Association’s Heart & Stroke Statistics report, nearly 1,000 people are dying daily because of sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrests and unfortunately, their survival rate is as low as 10%. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM), a relatively rare genetic heart disease is one of these diseases but finding the right patient for the implantation of ICD is still a research question. Implantation of cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) can save the life of some of these patients. Due to the complexity of the identification of HCM patients, financial burdens, and the clinical risks involved in the ICD implantation procedure, HCM patients will go into a monitoring state before reaching the implantation trigger. Our study cohort shows about 82% of HCM deaths, did not have an ICD, which highlights the need to improve the pre-screening algorithms.
In the current paper, we have proposed a new deep learning-based unsupervised clustering technique to facilitate the prioritization of patients to undergo ICD device implantation. This model uses over 900 echocardiographic measurements to find patients who benefit more from the ICD implantation procedure. Our model was trained and tested over 6 years of echo reports collected at Mayo Clinic. This model can be used as a decision support assistant for cardiologists in finding the right HCM patient when decision-making is hard.