We designed an axial fan for servers using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and numerical optimization. The performance of the fan, namely static pressure rise and efficiency, was calculated using commercial CFD software based on an incompressible Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) solver. An automatic program developed in-house was used to generate the grids for CFD calculation. Numerical optimization—using a simulated annealing algorithm (SA)—was used for determining the optimized shape of the fan. After optimizing the fan, initial and optimized fan designs were made for experiments using rapid prototyping, and their performances, based on such things as efficiency and noise level, were measured. Results demonstrated that the optimized fan design achieved higher efficiency than the initial design. Multi optimization was also developed for maximizing the fan efficiency and minimizing the casing height. An additional finding was that there was a trade-off between the fan efficiency and casing height.

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