The aerodynamic force acting on the pantograph by the airflow is obviously unsteady and has a certain vibration frequency and amplitude, while the high-speed train passes through the tunnel. In addition to the unsteady behavior in the open-air operation, the compressive and expansion waves in the tunnel will be generated due to the influence of the blocking ratio. The propagation of the compression and expansion waves in the tunnel will affect the pantograph pressure distribution and cause the pantograph stress state to change significantly, which affects the current characteristics of the pantograph. In this paper, the aerodynamic force of the pantograph is studied with the method of the IDDES combined with overset grid technique when high speed train passes through the tunnel. The results show that the aerodynamic force of the pantograph is subjected to violent oscillations when the pantograph passes through the tunnel, especially at the entrance of the tunnel, the exit of the tunnel and the expansion wave passing through the pantograph. The changes of the pantograph aerodynamic force can reach a maximum amplitude of 106%. When high-speed trains pass through tunnels at different speeds, the aerodynamic coefficients of the pantographs are roughly the same.
- Fluids Engineering Division
The Aerodynamic Characteristics of the Pantograph When the Train Passes Through the Tunnel
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Guo, D, Liu, W, Song, J, Zhang, Y, & Yang, G. "The Aerodynamic Characteristics of the Pantograph When the Train Passes Through the Tunnel." Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1B, Symposia: Fluid Measurement and Instrumentation; Fluid Dynamics of Wind Energy; Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conversion; Energy and Process Engineering; Microfluidics and Nanofluidics; Development and Applications in Computational Fluid Dynamics; DNS/LES and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods. Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. July 30–August 3, 2017. V01BT11A008. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2017-69171
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