A computational investigation on discharge coefficient (Cd) of a single cylindrical hole is presented in this paper. The numerical calculations are carried out on a 3-D compressible model. The Shear-Stress Transport (SST) k–ω model is used to simulate the turbulence in the flow. The inclination angle (α) of the film cooling hole varies from 20° to 30°, 45° and 90°, respectively. The diameter of the hole is fixed at 10mm, but different coolant to mainstream pressure ratios (ptc/pm) are examined. The coolant Mach number (Mac) is set at a constant value of 0.3 and the mainstream flow Mach number (Mam) varies from 0.3 to 1.4. The effects of Mam and α on the Cd value as well as the static pressure distribution at the jet exit are investigated. The numerical results show an acceptable agreement in the trend of the Cd variation compare with the available experimental data. It has been predicted that the static pressure distribution in the vicinity of the jet exit is influenced by a number of factors including the mainstream flow Mach number, shock wave, jet inclination angle and the pressure ratio of the coolant to the mainstream flow. And then the static pressure field near the hole can further give strong influence on the discharge coefficient.
CFD Predicted Discharge Coefficients of a Single Cylindrical Hole With Compressible External Cross-Flow
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Guo, L, Yan, YY, & Maltson, JD. "CFD Predicted Discharge Coefficients of a Single Cylindrical Hole With Compressible External Cross-Flow." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2009: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A and B. Orlando, Florida, USA. June 8–12, 2009. pp. 1733-1740. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2009-59821
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