Large feasible operation range is a challenge for high pressure ratio centrifugal compressor of turbocharger in vehicle engine. Self-Recycling-Casing-Treatment (SRCT) is a widely used flow control method to enlarge the range for this kind of compressor. This paper investigates the influence of symmetrical/asymmetrical SRCT (ASRCT) on the stability of a high pressure ratio centrifugal compressor by experimental testing and numerical simulation. Firstly, the performance of the compressor with/without SRCT is tested is measured investigate the influence of flow distortion on the stability of compressor as well as the numerical method validation. Then detailed flow field investigation is conducted by experimental measurement and the numerical method to unveil the reasons for stability enhancement by symmetrical/asymmetrical SRCT. Results show that static pressure distortion at impeller outlet caused by the volute can make passages be confronted with flow distortion less stable than others because of their larger positive slope of T-S pressure ratio performance at small flow rate. SRCT can depress the flow distortion and reduce the slope by non-uniform recycling flow rate at impeller inlet. Moreover, ASRCT can redistribute the recycling flow in circumferential direction according to the asymmetric geometries. When the largest recycling flow rate is imposed on the passage near the distorted static pressure, the slope will be the most effectively reduced. Therefore, the stability is effectively enhanced by the optimized recycling flow device.

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