Crack failures in rotating machinery can result in catastrophic accidents, and they are are difficult to detect online. Condition monitoring is widely applied in field to detect changes of vibration, and form diagnostic features. However, effective features in vibration of the cracked rotor need more tests, especially validating the features with experiments. This work carried out an experimental study on cracked rotors in laboratory. The experiments are as following: (I) vibration of the rotor in normal condition is firstly tested, where lateral vibration and torsional vibration are measured; (II) torsional excitation is exerted on driven end of rotor system, and vibration characteristics of the rotor are tested; (III) cracked rotors are tested with transverse and slant cracks, respectively. With the measured signals, comparisons of vibrations in normal rotor and cracked rotors are carried out. The results show that, the transverse crack introduces more significant changes in 1X frequency and coupled frequency, while the slant crack employs larger changes in 2X frequency. And variation of phases of 1X frequency is presented. Also, the crack plays an impact on the torsional responses.

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