Film cooling is a very effective cooling method for protecting the turbine blades exposed to hot gas from the heat. Since its cooling effectiveness is highly dependent on the shape of the hole, a wide variety of concepts and design parameters regarding hole shapes have been researched. However, there are no well-defined ways to determine the optimum shape of a film cooling hole.
The CFD is a powerful tool for film cooling hole optimization. But with the number of parameters that define the film cooling hole shapes being so numerous, analytical optimization with CFD often requires computational resources that are unrealistic for the average design environment. Accordingly, for CFD to be effective in the optimization process, it is necessary to reduce the number of computations or shorten the calculation time per computation.
In order to solve this problem, this paper presents a novel approach of applying 3D-POD (3D-Proper Orthogonal Decomposition) to the optimization of film cooling holes. POD is one of the most important component analysis methods and has the potential to reduce the number of parameters.
From the computation results, a solution group was made by the RSM (Response Surface Method) and assessment functions, i.e., film cooling effectiveness, heat transfer coefficient, mixing loss, concentration of stress and robustness were considered first. In the end, however, considering the sensitivity of each objective function, the optimal hole shapes were obtained with only the film effectiveness being evaluated.
In the following sections, this method and its results are described in detail.