In order to achieve high working efficiency, modern gas turbines operate at high temperature which is close to the melting points of metal alloys. However, the support of turbine end suffers the thermal deformation. And the journal center position is also changed due to the effects of high temperature and shaft gravity. Tangential or radial supporting structures, which are composed of supporting struts, diffuser cones, hot and cooling fluid channel, are widely used in gas turbine hot end. Cooling technology is usually used to keep the bearing temperature in a reasonable range to meet requirements of strength and deformation of the supporting struts. In this paper, three major assumptions are proposed: (a) radiation is not considered, (b) cooling flow system is only partially modeled and analysis assumes significantly higher cooling flow that is not typical for current engines, and (c) only steady state heat transfer is considered. And a 3D fluid-solid coupled model based on finite-element method (FEM) is built to analyze the performances of both the tangential and the radial support. The temperature distribution, thermal deformation and stress of supports are obtained from CFD and strength analysis. The results show that either the tangential or radial support is used in a 270MW gas turbine; the thermal stress is about 90.3% of total stress which is produced by both thermal effects and shaft gravity. Comparing to the results from radial supports, it can be seen that the struts stress and position variation of journal center of tangential support are smaller. Due to a rotational effect of the bearing housing caused by the deformation of the tangential struts, the thermal stress in these tangential struts can be relieved to some extent. When both thermal effect and shaft gravity are considered, the stress of each tangential supporting strut is almost uniformly distributed, which is beneficial to the stability of rotor system in the gas turbine.
Supporting Structure Performances Analysis of Heavy-Duty Gas Turbine Based on Fluid-Solid Coupling Method
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Xu, G, Zhou, J, Lu, M, Geng, H, Sun, Y, Yu, L, Yang, L, Zhao, S, Qi, X, Liu, X, & Fang, Y. "Supporting Structure Performances Analysis of Heavy-Duty Gas Turbine Based on Fluid-Solid Coupling Method." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 5C: Heat Transfer. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. June 15–19, 2015. V05CT18A001. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2015-42098
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