A bulk-flow model for calculation of the dynamic force characteristics in a single cavity, multiple-pocket gas damper seal is presented. Flow turbulence is accounted for by using turbulent shear stress parameters and Moody’s friction factors in the circumferential momentum equation. Zeroth order-equations describe the isothermal flow field for a centered seal, and first-order equations govern the perturbed flow for small amplitude rotor lateral motions. Comparisons to limited measurements from a four-pocket gas damper seal show the current model to predict well the mass flow rate and the direct damping coefficient. For a reference two-bladed teeth-on-stator labyrinth seal, the current model predicts similar rotordynamic coefficients when compared to results from a two control-volume bulk-flow model. Force coefficients from a reference single-cavity, four pocket gas damper depend on the rotor speed and pressure drop with magnitudes decreasing as the rotor whirl frequency increases. The multiple-pocket gas damper seal provides substantially more damping than a conventional labyrinth seal of the same dimensions. The damper seal cross-coupled stiffness coefficients are small though sensitive to the inlet circumferential pre-swirl flow.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
A Bulk-Flow Analysis of Multiple-Pocket Gas Damper Seals
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Li, J, San Andrés, L, & Vance, J. "A Bulk-Flow Analysis of Multiple-Pocket Gas Damper Seals." Proceedings of the ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition. Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education. Stockholm, Sweden. June 2–5, 1998. V005T14A004. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/98-GT-013
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