The ratio of internal and external damping is one of the important fault parameters and it leads to instability of a rotor shaft at higher spin speeds. The crack in a rotor is one of the sources of its instability due to the crack internal damping. A rotor with crack internal damping that originates from the rubbing action between the two crack faces. For a sustained stable operation of the rotor, it is imperative to analyze rotor parameters such as the internal and external damping and other parameters, like the additive crack stiffness and disc eccentricity. Therefore, the present work considers a full spectrum response analysis of a transverse cracked shaft based on the finite element method. The rotary and translations of inertia are considered including of gyroscopic effect in the rotor system. The transverse crack is modeled based on the switching crack assumption. The crack in the rotor gives forcing with multiple harmonics with the forward and backward. The equation of motion has been developed for the rotor system having four degrees of freedom at each node and using MATLAB™ Simulink the responses are generated for a numerical example.

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