An experimental study on absorption characteristics of water vapor into a thin lithium-bromide (LiBr) solution flow is presented. The LiBr solution flow is constrained between a superhydrophobic vapor-permeable wall and a solid surface that removes the heat of absorption. As opposed to conventional falling film absorbers, in this configuration, the solution film thickness and velocity can be controlled independently to enhance the absorption rate. The effects of water vapor pressure and cooling surface temperature on the absorption rate are studied. An absorption rate of approximately 0.005 kg/m2s was measured at a LiBr solution channel thickness and flow velocity of 160 μm and 4 mm/s, respectively. The absorption rate increased linearly with the water vapor driving potential at the tested solution channel thickness. The high absorption rate and the inherently compact form of the proposed absorber promise compact small-scale waste heat or solar-thermal driven cooling systems.
- Heat Transfer Division
Experimental Study of Water Vapor Absorption Into Lithium Bromide (LiBr) Solution Constrained by Superhydrophobic Porous Membranes
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Isfahani, RN, & Moghaddam, S. "Experimental Study of Water Vapor Absorption Into Lithium Bromide (LiBr) Solution Constrained by Superhydrophobic Porous Membranes." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and the ASME 2013 11th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Thermophysical Properties; Theory and Fundamental Research in Heat Transfer. Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. July 14–19, 2013. V001T01A021. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2013-17573
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