Three environmental simulation experiments for accelerating the chloride ingress were designed based on the similarity principle and the actual Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) intake structure service environment parameters including alternate drying-wetting condition, immersion condition and salt spray condition. Different experiment conditions were designed for each three-simulation experiment condition based on the similarity principle. The temperature, chloride ion concentration and dry-wet cycle time ratio were selected parameters for alternation wetting-drying experiments. The temperature and chloride ion concentration were selected parameters for the salt spray experiment and immersion experiment. The distribution of chloride ion concentration along the depth of the concrete samples were measured every 30 days. The testing results showed that chloride ion diffusion depth is maximum under the dry-wet cycle test, chloride ion diffusion depth is minimum under salt spray test. The curves of the chloride ion concentration along depth increased firstly and then decreased, which is consistent with the two-dimension diffusion law. Finally, a life prediction model that can be used to predict the concrete structure of the existing coastal nuclear power plant was developed based on the test results and field test results.