Recently, the number of nuclear power plants has been increased in many countries. In contrast, uranium fuels used in nuclear power plants are exhaustible resources. Therefore, it is required to exploit uranium resources effectively, and reprocessing of spent fuel is indispensable. To use recovered uranium and plutonium as raw material of nuclear fuel, reprocessing solution (uranium and plutonium mixed nitrate solution) of the spent nuclear fuel is converted to uranium and plutonium mixed oxide (MOX) powder. Microwave heating direct denitration method (MH method) is one of such methods to convert nitrate solution to MOX powder. The cylindrical denitration vessel can be expected to realize high-speed and high-capacity processing against traditional shallow vessel. However, flushing and overflow phenomena of solution have been confirmed in cylindrical vessel. Thus, the safety and the optimization of the vessel shape during microwave heating. In the present study, the purpose of this paper is to clarify generation conditions and generation mechanism of flushing phenomena that is not fully understood. In experiment, flushing phenomena was observed and the liquid temperature was measured using microwave heating device. The main parameters are the vessel diameter, initial water level and the magnetron power.
There was tendency of flushing in the case of short vessel diameter and high initial water level when magnetron power was constant. There was also tendency of flushing in the case of large magnetron power when vessel diameter and initial water level was constant. From visualization, it was clarified that generation of singular bubble triggers flushing. If flushing occurs, the liquid is blown up at a burst, and the vessel become almost empty. From temperature measurement results, it was clarified that the liquid had over 10 °C superheat just before flushing. Therefore, it was suggested that the liquid superheat affected flushing significantly. Generation conditions of flushing are different with the vessel diameter, initial water level and the magnetron power because it is considered that these characteristics have influence on the liquid superheat.