China lead bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled fast reactor comprises of the primary system with lead bismuth eutectic (LBE) as the coolant, the secondary circuit with sub-cooled water as the coolant and the associated air cooling system for an effective rejection of thermal power to the environment as a final heat sink. The dynamic characteristics of LBE cooled fast reactor are different from the traditional Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs) because of the variances in coolant properties as well as major differences due to the operation in the fast versus the thermal neutron spectrum. To investigate the dynamic characteristics of the CLEAR-IA reactor for control system design and simulation, a model for the main components of the reactor and the most relevant interactions among them is developed. Since all the coefficients in the models are functions of temperature, the models in this paper are not described by ordinary differential equation. These models are realized by using the S-function builder of SIMULINK. The steady state calculation result based on the thermal-hydraulic models show agreement with the design value. To show the proposed models could be used for the simulation, the transient process of parameter change is compared with Relap5 simulation code, which shows agreement. A Proportional-Integral (PI) controller is designed to keep the power following the set value as quickly as possible. To keep the inlet temperature of core coolant constant, a control strategy based on a simultaneous feed-forward and feedback scheme has been adopted. The feed-back control system is a PI controller and it can achieve a real time and no error control, but it has time delay. The feed-forward control can realize the control in advance before the LBE temperature at inlet of the core has been changed to reduce the overshoot. So the feed-forward can realize an advance and rough control, the feedback can realize a no error and accurate control. Based on the developed model and control strategy, dynamic simulations of the whole system in case of step changes of reactivity and set power are performed. The simulation results show that the proposed model is accurate enough to describe the dynamic behaviors of the plant in spite of its simplicity. It has also been demonstrated that the developed controllers for the CLEAR-IA can provide superior reactor control due to the efficiency of the control strategy adopted.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Modeling and Control Strategy of the China LBE Cooled Fast Reactor
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Yan, S, Wang, Z, Wang, P, Wan, J, Fang, H, & Zhao, F. "Modeling and Control Strategy of the China LBE Cooled Fast Reactor." Proceedings of the 2014 22nd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Prague, Czech Republic. July 7–11, 2014. V006T13A007. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE22-30376
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