The QAD program, based on the point kernel integration method, is widely used in the radiation shielding design of nuclear power plants and related fields. However, QAD-CGA, as the latest version of QAD program, still has some problems, which may affect calculation results and limit the application range. In this paper, the features, principles, and algorithms of QAD-CGA program will be described and several optimization will be introduced. The quantity of γ rays considered in each calculation has been expanded, which can supply more accurate results than those from the original program. Furthermore, the number of dose receivers has been increased, which can provide detailed distribution of the dose field. In addition, a method has been put forward to realize the discretization of source intensity automatically which can simplify the input of the program. Meanwhile, the compartmentalization of the discrete source in the program has been improved. If the size of the discrete source can be minimized small enough to be served as an ideological core, the accuracy of calculations of QAD-CGA program would be guaranteed. However, with the increase of the radius of a sphere or cylinder, the volume of the discrete source will be enlarged and the precondition “small enough” will be lost gradually which can result in the increase of the inaccuracy of calculations. A superior algorithm to solve the coordinate distribution of point kernel which is nonuniform has been proposed. It can reduce the inaccuracy from the discretization of the source intensity in spherical and cylindrical geometry effectively. The optimization of QAD-CGA program has been implemented, analyzed and compared to the original edition with a numerical example.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Optimization of the Radiation Shielding Program QAD
Wang, W, Zhang, L, Cao, J, & Xie, F. "Optimization of the Radiation Shielding Program QAD." Proceedings of the 2016 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 4: Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Coupled Codes; Decontamination and Decommissioning, Radiation Protection, Shielding, and Waste Management; Workforce Development, Nuclear Education and Public Acceptance; Mitigation Strategies for Beyond Design Basis Events; Risk Management. Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. June 26–30, 2016. V004T11A013. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE24-60938
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