The present paper is concerned with the problem of modeling dynamic test. The study focuses on the fluid-structure interaction (FSI) in spent fuel pool, which is filled with liquid and spent fuel components. Through the comparison of the results of numerical analysis (Based on LS-DYNA) and modeling test, such as the sloshing wave amplitude; the displacement & inclination angle of the storage racks; pressure exerted on the plate of racks and the walls of the pool were obtained, This paper evaluates the seismic performance and the safety margin of the structure, and also provides the surface pressure input for the design of storage racks.
The phenomena of liquid sloshing in spent fuel pool presents a great interest for civil and nuclear engineering, the dynamic effects of sloshing in spent fuel pool could affect the plates of storage racks and the wall of spent fuel pool during strong earthquakes. Study of sloshing in spent fuel pool is proved challenging due to the presence of strong flow interactions with storage racks in the pool. The movement effect caused by the sloshing load of liquid is the primary reason for the problem to become more complicated.
In this study, two models were created, one is scaled model for shacking table test, another is a numerical model utilize finite element analysis code LS-DYNA. LS-DYNA command *CONSTRAINED_LAGRANGE_IN_SOLID was used to simulate the interaction between solid material and fluid material (fluid-solid coupling effect). Considering the fluid-solid coupling effect between solid and fluid, ALE (Arbitrary Lagrange Euler) element and Lagrange element were used to simulate fluid material and solid material respectively based on their different characters in the numerical model. Using the three spatial components of artificial time histories generated from the design response spectra. The following parameters should be paid attention to in both the scaled model shacking table test and the numerical simulation of time history analysis: The relative displacement between the structure of the spent fuel pool and storage racks; inclination angle of the storage racks; pressure exerted on the plate of storage racks and the wall of pool and the sloshing wave amplitude.
In this paper, the integrated pressure represented by the impulsive hydrodynamic pressure on the plate of storage racks between the shacking table test model and the numerical model were calculated and compared. The analytical parameters of numerical model were corrected to make the numerical model result consistent with modeling test result. In this way, a more reasonable numerical model is obtained.