Abstract

In order to improve the scientificity and rationality of cold chain system design, the plate heat exchanger of a branch of the nuclear power plant cold chain system of nuclear power plants is taken as the research object. Based on the basic principles of optimization design, appropriate optimization calculation algorithms are developed and plate type heat exchangers are developed. The design program of the heat exchanger forms an optimal design analysis tool. Taking a plate heat exchanger as an example, taking its mass, flow resistance on the hot side and flow resistance on the cold side as the optimization objectives, a new hybrid genetic algorithm was used to carry out a multi-objective optimization case analysis. The calculation results show that there is a competitive relationship between the mass of the plate heat exchanger of the nuclear island cold chain system of the nuclear power plant and the flow resistance on the hot and cold sides, and the optimal solution cannot be obtained at the same time. There is a correlation between the flow resistance on the cold side and the flow resistance on the hot side. If the heat exchanger mass is reduced by 6.39%, the flow resistance of the hot side and cold side will increase by 6.55% and 7.71% respectively; if the flow resistance on the hot side and cold side are reduced by 32.22% and respectively 32.01%, its mass will increase by 2.16%; on the premise of keeping the mass of the heat exchanger basically unchanged, the flow resistance on the hot side of the heat exchanger is reduced by 23.84% and at the same time the flow resistance on the cold side is reduced by 19.77%, and the flow resistance on the cold side is reduced by the largest 23.35% and at the same time reduce the flow resistance on the hot side by 12.54%. Therefore, there is a lot of room for optimization in the design of nuclear island cold chain system of nuclear power plant and there are many optimization schemes. The research results can provide reference for the subsequent optimization of nuclear power plant cold chain system design and improve the scientific and economic efficiency of system design.

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