Products made of compliant sheet metals are widely used in automotive, aerospace, appliance and electronics industries. One of the most important challenges for the assembly process of such compliant parts is the assembly dimensional quality, which affects product functionality and performance. This paper develops a methodology to evaluate the dimensional variation propagation in a multi-station compliant assembly system based on linear mechanics and a state space representation. Three sources of variation are analyzed, part variation, fixture variation and weld gun variation. The proposed method is illustrated through a case study on automotive body assembly.

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