In this paper, an investigation is performed into the optimization of wheel power distribution between the drive axles of an AWD hybrid-electric SUV. The paper presents a criterion to maximize the vehicle’s slip efficiency through control of the kinematic discrepancy factor. The optimization criterion is combined with a mathematical model of a driveline for an AWD hybrid-electric vehicle using a new hybrid-electric power transmitting unit to control power distribution between the front and rear drive wheels. A technical concept is described for the hybrid-electric power transmitting unit that is functionally fused with a series hybrid-electric transmission. The mode of operation of the power transmitting device is described and simulations are performed for a 4×4 hybrid-electric vehicle of different driveline characteristics to compare the influence of driveline type on vehicle energy efficiency, including battery depletion, and vehicle mobility when traveling on a road or off-road under severe terrain conditions.

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