One of the technical problems in wheel dynamics is to establish and control the relationship between the tire kinematic and force characteristics related to tire slippage and thus to tire-soil power losses and wheel mobility estimation. This problem has been attracting a lot attention from the research community for decades. The electronization of modern vehicles can enhance their performance in complex and severe vehicle-road/terrain environments by implementing agile control decision within the scale of milliseconds. Thus, agility requires new approaches when considering and analyzing the tire slippage process.
This paper presents an analysis of the tire slippage process in stochastic terrain conditions for the purpose of agile tire slip modeling, estimation and control. Based on the introduced relations between the rolling radii of the tire, circumferential wheel force/wheel torque, wheel kinematic parameters and tire slippage, a set of agile tire-terrain characteristics is offered in the paper. The proposed characteristics take in consideration the rate of change of the listed parameters and thus allow a user to estimate the agile dynamics of the tire slip and evidence the closeness to the peak friction coefficient and hence estimate potential mobility loss. The characteristics establish relationships between the stochastic peak friction coefficient, rolling resistance coefficient, and wheel kinematic/force parameters. The characteristics are illustrated by computer simulation results in several terrain conditions.