DNA is a long flexible polymer and is involved in several fundamental cellular processes such as transcription, replication and chromosome packaging. These processes induce forces and torques in the DNA which deform it. These deformations in turn affect the structure and function of DNA. However, understanding of the dynamic response of DNA to the various forces that act on it is still far from complete. Several experiments have been carried out to study these responses most of which use a micron sized magnetic bead attached to the DNA molecule to both manipulate it and to observe its dynamics. One limitation of this approach is that the dynamics of the DNA molecule has mostly been characterized “indirectly” by observing the dynamics of the magnetic bead. It is also reasonable to expect that, because of the size of the bead relative to that of the DNA, the magnetic bead dynamics will obscure that of the DNA. We adapt existing coarse-grained Brownian dynamics models of DNA to develop a model capable of representing the dynamics of DNA without any of the artifacts inherent to the experiments. This model accounts for bending, torsion, extension, electrostatics, hydrodynamics and the random thermal forces acting on DNA in an electrolyte solution. We then carry out Brownian dynamics simulations with our model to benchmark with well established theoretical results of a stretched polymer in solution. Finally, we employ our model to predict the relaxation time scale for single molecule experiments which sets the framework for future studies in which we plan to further shed light on the dynamics of DNA over long length and time scales.

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