The transfer case based all-wheel drive electric vehicle (TCAWDEV) and dual-axle AWDEV have been investigated to balance concerns about energy consumption, drivability and stability of vehicles. An ideal AWDEV (IAWDEV) powertrain architecture is proposed by this research; the architecture has an independent driving motor at each wheel; in essence, the IAWDEV is a distributed powertrain that provides various combinations of torque vector control. This research also investigated the simplified methods to estimate the battery capacity and the operation envelope of motors, and employed model-based evaluation approaches to recursively identify the proper powertrain components. The model-based evaluation was conducted in LMS AMESim. The results show that the IAWDEV could reduce the complexity of drivetrain, and also can harvest more braking energy under poor road contact.

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