The loop heat pipe (LHP) was invented in Russia in the early 1980’s. It is a two-phase heat transfer device that utilizes the evaporation and condensation of a working fluid to transfer heat, and the capillary force developed in fine porous wicks to circulate the fluid. The temperature of LHP evaporator as functions of the heat load, sink temperature, ambient temperature is an important parameter which can reflect the performance of an LHP. Many factors can affect the LHP operating temperature and which can be divided into two parts: external and internal. The external factors including heat sink temperature, ambient temperature, fluid forces, the position between heat source and heat sink and the heat exchange between LHP and ambient. The internal factors related to the design and structure of the LHP, for example, the charging amount of the working fluid and the distribution status of the liquid phase during the LHP operating. Based on Sinda/Fluint software an ammonia-stainless steel steady state model of loop heat pipe was established, the impacts on the LHP operating temperature induced by alterable heat loads under 3 operating cases (the different position between evaporator and condenser, the changing of ambient temperature and the changing of heat sink temperature) were analyzed and conclusions were made. Changing the position between evaporator and condenser has a significant influence on the LHP operating temperature. Anti-gravity operation will reduce the performance of the LHP, this phenomenon is obviously in low heat load range. Further more, increasing of fluid pressure drop in the loop will induce decreasing of the LHP performance. The temperature difference between ambient and heat sink will influence the transition heat load (from variable conductance mode to fixed conductance mode), the bigger the temperature difference the higher the transition heat load.

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