Abstract

In this paper a 3D dynamic tire/road friction model is presented. This model is based on the LuGre dry friction model and tire dynamics. The longitudinal and lateral forces, and tire self-aligning torque are determined through several first-order dynamic systems. The main advantage of this model is that it can be easily used and identified for vehicle control and simulation. Furthermore, calibration of model parameters and comparison with “magic formula”, which is widely used in area, are presented to validate the model.

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