The results of an experimental investigation of natural convection driven flow of liquid gallium are presented. The gallium contained by a rectangular box with two opposite ends held at different temperatures and is subject to a uniform horizontal magnetic field. The objective of this study was to examine the damping effect of a magnetic field on the natural convection in a liquid metal. A hot film anemometry was used to measure the velocity profile and a thermocouple was used to measure the temperature field. The hot-film probe was calibrated over a narrow range of temperatures in a rotating container fill with liquid gallium. The velocity and temperature profiles are compared with previous numerical simulations and reasonably good agreement was found. The damping effect of the external magnetic field was observed in both the temperature and the velocity profiles and found to increase as the strength of the magnetic field increases.
An Experimental Study of Magnetic Damping Effect on Temperature Gradient Induced Natural Convection in Liquid Gallium
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Xu, B, Li, BQ, & Stock, DE. "An Experimental Study of Magnetic Damping Effect on Temperature Gradient Induced Natural Convection in Liquid Gallium." Proceedings of the ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Fluids Engineering. Anaheim, California, USA. November 13–19, 2004. pp. 1-7. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2004-59841
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