Large strain deformation, a key parameter in microstructure refinement by Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD) processes, is a common feature of chip formation in machining. It is shown that the imposition of large plastic strains by chip formation can create metals and alloys with nanocrystalline or ultra-fine grained microstructures. The formation of such nanostructured materials is demonstrated in a wide variety of material systems including pure metals, light-weight aluminum alloys, and high strength steels and alloys. Nanocrystalline microstructures with different morphologies are demonstrated. The hardness and strength of the nanostructured chips are significantly greater than that of the bulk material. The production of nanostructured chips by machining, when combined with comminution and powder processing methods, may be expected to lead to the creation of a number of advanced materials with new and interesting combinations of properties. These materials are expected to find wide-ranging applications in the discrete products sector encompassing ground transportation, aerospace and bio-medical industries.
- Manufacturing Engineering Division and Materials Handling Division
Nanostructured Materials by Machining
Swaminathan, S, Shankar, MR, Rao, BC, Brown, TL, Chandrasekar, S, Compton, WD, King, AH, & Trumble, KP. "Nanostructured Materials by Machining." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Manufacturing Engineering and Materials Handling, Parts A and B. Orlando, Florida, USA. November 5–11, 2005. pp. 981-985. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2005-81242
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