Bioluminescence detection is often achieved by using luciferase as an enzyme. When it is implemented in a microfluidic device, the enzyme must be properly mixed with luciferase assay reagents (LAR) to achieve enzymatic reactions. Two microfluidic reactors are investigated in this work for bioluminescence detection. The reactors were fabricated in poly(methylmethacrylate), PMMA, by hot embossing using a mold master with the reactor layouts made by high-precision micromilling. Reactor I device contains staggered herringbone mixers. Reactor II device has the same layout except that the mixers were replaced with smooth channels. We found that the mixing efficiency in Reactor I was 17.8 times higher than Reactor II. Theoretical analysis of the experimental results indicated that the required channel length of mixing was linearly proportional to the flow rate. A calibration curve for luciferase was obtained for both reactors. The limit of detection in Reactor I was determined to be 0.14 μg/mL of luciferase.
Microfluidic Reactors for Bioluminescence Detection
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Fan, ZH, Mei, Q, & Soper, S. "Microfluidic Reactors for Bioluminescence Detection." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 12: Micro and Nano Systems, Parts A and B. Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA. November 13–19, 2009. pp. 773-778. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2009-12464
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