Application of controlled weld toe profiles can be considered an option to extend the fatigue life of welded connections when ongoing tankers are converted in dry docks to serve like offshore ships (FPSOs and FSOs). Very slim chances to implement such fatigue improvement will arise when these vessels are in service, since a converted ship is designed to be inspected, maintained and repaired in situ and not in dry dock as it is uneconomical to interrupt production. Codes recognize fatigue life extension by means of a controlled weld toe profile, e.g. . Application of a controlled weld toe profile during conversion in selected areas previously identified by stress analysis of the hull structure can lead to extend the converted vessel fatigue life to comply with an expected field life. The American Bureau of Shipping S-N curves allow a credit of 2.2 on fatigue life when suitable toe grinding and NDE are provided. A controlled weld toe profile can be applied in fatigue crack repaired welds during ship conversion or even on those that during ship conversion are found in a non-cracked condition but were identified prone to fatigue cracking in a stress assessment analysis under in-service conditions. Credit on fatigue life in various codes and results from experimental data obtained from fatigue tested specimens with a controlled weld toe profile are given. Comments on the design of a controlled weld toe profiles and recommendations based on experimental experience for the implementation of equipment to perform a controlled weld toe profile are also given. A Fracture Mechanics approach for the assessment of controlled weld toe profiles for fatigue life extension purposes is described. Initially, a comparison of SCFs for a typical ship hull plate connection with and without weld toe profile control determined by Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is presented. Then, results obtained from the FEA connection such as through plate stress distribution are used in a Fracture Mechanics Analysis to compare the fatigue crack growth curve in as-welded condition to that with controlled weld toe profile.
Controlled Weld Toe Profiles for Fatigue Life Extension in FSO’s and FPSO’s
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Rodri´guez-Sa´nchez, JE, Rodri´guez-Castellanos, A, Carbajal-Romero, MF, & Ayala-Uraga, E. "Controlled Weld Toe Profiles for Fatigue Life Extension in FSO’s and FPSO’s." Proceedings of the ASME 2007 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. Volume 4: Materials Technology; Ocean Engineering. San Diego, California, USA. June 10–15, 2007. pp. 73-80. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2007-29220
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