A stern slamming analysis based on three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation is presented with an application to a liquefied natural gas (LNG) carrier with twin skegs. This study includes; seakeeping analysis, statistical analysis for relative motions and velocities, three-dimensional slamming simulation by a CFD software, and structural assessment for plates and stiffeners. The stern areas are divided into panels in which relative velocity/motion and pressure coefficients are to be calculated. Seakeeping calculations are carried out in full load and ballast loading conditions at ship speeds of 0 and 5 knots. A series of equivalent 20-year return sea states in a wave scatter diagram are selected for environmental conditions. Extreme velocities are then evaluated from the loading conditions and the speeds considered with reference to the probability of slamming occurrence. Slamming simulations are carried out in a three-dimensional domain with a CFD software to calculate pressure coefficients. Two-phase flow with water and air is to be adopted in conjunction with free surface capturing method. Viscous laminar flow is assumed in simulation. Slamming design pressure is calculated by the pressure coefficients and the extreme velocities. Based on computed design pressure, an ultimate strength analysis is performed for the determination of required plate thickness. Also, required stiffener dimensions are determined by analytic formulas. As mentioned above, this approach has been applied to an LNG carrier with twin skegs. In the application, two-phase flow with water and air was adopted in conjunction with the volume-of-fluid method for free surface capturing. Mixed hexahedral and tetrahedral grids were employed. The computational case was determined from simulations of global ship motion. Maximum slamming pressure was found near the end of a skeg. Large pressure also can be observed in the stern overhang area. Generally slamming pressure decreases away from the stern.
A Stern Slamming Analysis Using Three-Dimensional CFD Simulation
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Kim, K, Shin, YS, & Wang, S. "A Stern Slamming Analysis Using Three-Dimensional CFD Simulation." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 27th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. Volume 5: Materials Technology; CFD and VIV. Estoril, Portugal. June 15–20, 2008. pp. 929-934. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2008-57805
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