Following the failure of several subsea components made of duplex steel, two JIPs were formed, one by TWI and another by DNV and Sintef to address the failure mechanism and to formulate design guidance for the industry. (TWI: The Effects of Notches and Welds on Hydrogen Embrittlement Stress Cracking of Duplex Stainless Steels, Sintef/DNV: HISC) Hydrogen charging from the cathodic protection system in the presence of creep strains embrittles the duplex steel, making the duplex susceptible to cracking (hydrogen-induced-stress-cracking, HISC). Creep effects focused on strain measurements in the test specimens from early work at TWI, favoring a strain based approach in the development of early versions of the design guidance for the industry. This paper summarizes the relevant content from the two JIPs to formulate a stress based design criteria, and provides new FEA assessment of the Foinhaven Hubs to better quantify the effect of residual stresses. The basis for the stress-based design guidelines in DNV-RP-F112 is presented that promises to be easier to apply and equally robust as the strain-based approach.

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