The offshore platforms shall be designed with deck elevation that maintains sufficient air-gap with maximum predicted wave crest elevations. However, due to compelling reasons of hydrocarbon process and changes to water levels/seabed subsidence may have structures in the close vicinity of the sea level or submerged. Hence the assessment of wave induced forces on the deck structures especially the old platforms become very essential. Review of literature indicates that the previous studies focused mainly on the circular sections and not much information is available on the non-circular sections. The current study focused on measurement of wave induced slam/slap loads in a laboratory wave flume and estimation of force coefficients based on drag based empirical equations. Further, it is of interest to focus on the flow around the open sections (non-circular) using a flow visualization technique (Particle Image Velocimetry) to understand the flow pattern around the elements. The results indicate that the slam and slap coefficients for I sections are smaller than the channel sections and the values of coefficients are few times higher than the circular sections.
Wave Slam/Slap Loads on Structural Members in the Air-Gap
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Sekhar, GR, & Nallayarasu, S. "Wave Slam/Slap Loads on Structural Members in the Air-Gap." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 30th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 2: Structures, Safety and Reliability. Rotterdam, The Netherlands. June 19–24, 2011. pp. 397-408. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2011-49507
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