Reliable structural integrity evaluation is a critical part of the design process. Reliable structural integrity evaluation is especially important for large and complex structures such as buildings and offshore/marine installations that have significant implications for human and environmental safety. The design and careful evaluation of welded structures are essential in structural design since the stress concentrations at the welds have significant impact on the overall fatigue lives of the structures. A mesh-insensitive structural stress method has been developed and proven to be highly effective in correlating fatigue behaviors of welded joints by Battelle researchers. The Battelle structural stress method and related weld fatigue master S-N curve approach has been adopted by ASME and API in 2007 [1–2]. The design fatigue master S-N curve has been constructed by incorporating the results of more than 800 fatigue tests, which are clearly categorized as weld toe failure. In addition, a design master S-N curve for weld root failure has been constructed recently [3]. For offshore/marine structures, it is essential to consider weld fatigue damage in corrosive environments as well as that in air, and to understand the effects of techniques commonly applied to improve weld fatigue strength of the structures, e.g., hammer peening, toe grinding, and TIG dressing. In order to meet the industry’s increasing demand for reliably, fatigue resistant structures, design master S-N curves incorporating the effects of corrosive environments and weld improvement techniques have been constructed. These new curves are based on existing weld fatigue data from the literature and class bodies’ fatigue design documents.

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