This paper presents numerical simulations of Green Water events and wave impact on a FPSO. The simulations are performed at model scale and the results are compared against experimental model test results. The commercial Star-CCM+ CFD software is used in the simulations. The incoming waves are modeled using 5th order Stokes theory, as implemented in the CFD software. Both fixed and free floating FPSO are considered. The moving FPSO are modeled using Chimera overset mesh technology. The vessels is free to move in heave and pitch at 180 (head sea), roll and heave at 270 (beam sea), while roll, pitch and heave is released at 225 (quartering sea). The computed water height on the deck and the relative wave height in vicinity the vessel are compared against model test results at several positions. Also the impact force on load cells blocks located at the deck of the vessel is computed and compared against model test results. The comparison of the time histories of the water elevation and load histories are in reasonable agreement with the measured time series. The number of grid cells range from 7M for the simulations at head sea, where flow is assumed to be symmetric, to 21M for the simulations at quartering sea. Total wall clock simulation time was about 10days for the most computationally demanding cases, which are the quartering sea simulations. This includes simulation of 12 wave periods with the ship fixed, and thereafter 8 wave periods of the free floating vessel. The computations show that CFD tools can be used as a research tool when studying the physics of green water and wave impact events. However, due to time CPU demanding simulations, this type of CFD analysis are not yet a practical tool for parametric design studies and deck structure optimizations. This work is a part of the research project “Green Water and Wave Impact on FPSO” carried out for and in cooperation with PETROBRAS.

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