In this paper, we present a high-voltage electric-spark bubble-generating method which can generate a bubble with its maximum radius reaching up to ∼35 mm at a room pressure. Vertical migration and clear liquid jet inside the bubble are captured by a high speed photography. With this method, a series of experiments on bubbles collapse above a solid boundary are carried out under different non-dimensional standoff distances γ (= s/Rm, where s is the vertical distance from the bubble center to the solid boundary and Rm denotes the maximum bubble radius). It is found when bubble is extremely close to the solid boundary (γ < 0.6), the lower surface of the bubble will cling to the solid boundary, which causes the cone-shaped liquid jet to impact on solid boundary directly without buffering of the water layer. With the increase of γ, the bottom of the bubble is gradually away from the solid boundary with an increasing curvature, but the jet inside the bubble remains conical all along. The speed of the jet tip and the migration of the bubble top are also discussed subsequently, aiming to provide a reference for the numerical study. Finally, the critical value of γ is investigated, at which the effect of the buoyancy will compensate the attraction of the solid boundary when the buoyancy parameter of bubble is bout 0.06.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.