The paper presents realistic horizontal wave drift force coefficients and low frequency damping coefficients for the Exwave semi-submersible under severe seastates. The analysis includes conditions with collinear waves and current.
Model test data is used to identify the difference frequency wave exciting force coefficients based on a second order signal analysis technique. First, the slowly varying excitation is estimated from the relationship between the incoming wave and the low frequency motion using a linear oscillator. Then, the full quadratic transfer function (QTF) of the difference frequency wave exciting forces is defined from the relationship between the incoming waves and the second order force response. The process identifies also the linear low frequency damping.
The paper presents results from cases selected from the EXWAVE JIP test matrix. The empirical wave drift coefficients are compared to potential flow predictions and to coefficients from a semi-empirical formula. The results show that the potential flow predictions largely underestimate the wave drift forces, especially at the low frequency range where severe seastates have most of the energy.