The damage investigations that followed the Great East Japan Earthquake revealed that automobiles, shipping containers, and even ships themselves had been caught up in the resulting tsunami before being hurled into various port facilities, causing immense damage. The damage characteristics of such collisions must be an integral part of disaster mitigation measures aimed at reducing damage due to drifting ships. When considering the impact force of massive vessels on port facilities, it is necessary to take into account the changes in the drift velocity of the vessels due to waves reflected from the facilities and other coastal structures. In previous studies, the moving particle semi-implicit (MPS) method has been adopted to examine cascading tsunami flotsam damage by means of numerical simulations. In the present study, we use the MPS method to examine the drifting behavior and impact force of ships moored to an actual harbor, taking into account waves reflected from coastal area structures. Based on the results, we discuss the applicability of this method to disaster mitigation measures.

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