Annex G Assessment of locally thinned areas (LTAs) in BS 7910:2013 is applicable to LTAs in cylinder, a bend and a sphere or vessel end. It can be used to assess the longitudinally-orientated LTA in a cylinder subject to a hoop stress and a circumferentially-orientated LTA in a cylinder subject to an axial stress (due to axial force, in-plane bending moment and internal pressure), and also to assess an LTA subject to a hoop stress and an axial stress.
An outline of the origins of Annex G is given. A comparison with full-scale burst tests of pipes or vessels containing LTAs subject to a hoop stress and an axial stress is presented. It is demonstrated that the method in G.4.3 Hoop stress and axial stress is conservative.