In recent years, ship hulls have become larger. And the welding has become more important technology in ship building. In other word, welding has become more important technology in shipbuilding. In Japanese shipbuilding, multiple electrode butt welding has been performed with large current and high speed to increase construction efficiency. However, the multiple electrode welding method may cause a hot cracking. X-ray or ultra sonic wave inspection and repair welding are necessary due to the generation of hot cracking. These will increase the production cost. Therefore, it is important to prevent hot cracking. It is known that hot cracking is generated by both metallurgical and mechanical factors. The authors propose a new evaluation method of hot cracking based on the modeling of both mechanical and metallurgical behaviors. In the developed method, from the metallurgical point of view, solidification growth direction is determined from the temperature gradient obtained by the heat conduction analysis to predict the position of hot cracking. Moreover, from the mechanical point of view, the possibility of the generation of hot cracking is assessed using plastic strain increment in Brittleness Temperature Range (BTR). In order to show the validity of the developed method, the developed method is applied to the analysis of hot cracking on automatic tandem butt welding through the comparison with experimental results. As a result, it is demonstrated that the hot cracking can be evaluated by using the developed method.

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