Monitoring of fatigue crack propagation is very important in industrial fields. Stress-induced magnetic measurement is a newly developed non-destructive testing technique which can detect early failure of ferromagnetic materials in service. A lot of experiments demonstrate that magnetic measurement is more sensitive compared with other non-destructive testing technologies. In order to explore the correlation between crack propagation and magnetic hysteresis under cyclic stress in X70 pipeline steel, a series of stress-controlled tests were carried out and the changes in magnetic field around cracks during their propagation process were observed throughout the tension-tension fatigue tests. The variations of magnetic field and stress intensity factor K in the crack propagation stage were studied. The results obtained allowed the division of the magnetic behavior of the investigated steels into three stages corresponding to three distinct crack propagation stages. It was found that the magnetic field varies with crack propagation, and the stress intensity factor K increased with the increase of loading cycles. A strong correlation between the variation of the magnetic field and stress intensity factor was recognized, regardless of the loading conditions, maximum load or stress ratio. The results suggest that non-destructive evaluation of fatigue cracks would be possible using this relationship.

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