Accurate prediction of downhole pressure differential (surge/swab pressure gradient) in the eccentric annulus of ultra-deep wells during tripping operation is a necessity to optimize well geometry, reduction of drilling anomalies, and prevention of hazardous drilling accidents. Therefore, a new predictive model is developed to forecast surge/swab pressure gradient by using feed-forward and backpropagation deep neural networks (FFBP-DNN). A theoretical-based model is developed that follows the physical and mechanical aspects of surge/swab pressure generation in eccentric annulus during tripping operation. The data generated from this model, field data, and experimental data are used to train and test the FFBP-DNN networks. The network is developed used Keras’s deep learning framework. After testing the models, the most optimal arrangement of FFBP-DNN is the ReLU algorithm as an activation function, 4-hidden layers, the learning rate of 0.003, and 2300 of training numbers. The optimum FFBP-DNN model is validated by comparing it with field data (Wells K 470 and K 480, North Sea). It shows an excellent argument between predicted data and field data with an error range of ±7.68 %.

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