San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, SONGS, Unit 3 experienced substantial turbine damage in early 2001 after the turbine bearings lubrication oil supply failed. During a loss of off-site power incident, power was lost to the two AC powered turbine lubrication oil pumps due to a breaker failure in the switchgear and the DC powered emergency bearing lubricating oil pump failed to start due to a breaker trip. The SONGS turbine generators have no shaft driven bearing lubricating oil pumps and consequently the turbine generator coasted down from full speed to a full stop without lubricating oil. This resulted in significant bearing, journal and steam path damage that required a four-month duration repair outage during a time period where electricity was in short supply in the State of California. The generator hydrogen sealing system remained operable during this event, however it was discovered during the event follow up investigation that this system had vulnerabilities to failure similar to the bearing lubrication system. In order to prevent a reoccurrence of this extremely costly event, SONGS has taken actions to modify both of these critical turbine generator systems by adding additional, continuously operating pumps with new, independent power source and independently routed cables. The main challenge was to integrate the additional equipment into the existing lubrication and seal oil systems. The SONGS approach and findings are discussed as well as a summary of the work performed. This technical paper will be of interest to utilities with a need to improve turbine generator reliability issues.
Turbine Generator Lubrication Oil Supply Reliability Improvements at Southern California Edison’s San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station
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Simma, FY, Chetwynd, RJ, & Rowe, SA. "Turbine Generator Lubrication Oil Supply Reliability Improvements at Southern California Edison’s San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 Power Conference. ASME 2005 Power Conference. Chicago, Illinois, USA. April 5–7, 2005. pp. 445-452. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PWR2005-50149
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